|China has a continental
monsoonal climate characterized by diversity. Most variations are in
the northern temperate zone. The southern areas come within the
tropical or subtropical zones and northern areas the frigid zone.
Most parts of China have clear divisions between seasons. In winter, northerly winds from high latitude areas keep the northern part cold and dry, while in summer, monsoons from southern coastal areas bring warmth and moisture. In addition, the climate also varies with the extensive land mass and various topographical features from region to region.
In North China, such as Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia, the summer is dry and hot while the winter is extremely cold. Sandstorms sometimes occur in April within this area, especially Inner Mongolia and the Beijing region.
On the Tibet-Qinghai plateau (about 4,000m above sea level), winter is long and extremely cold, whilst summers are short and moderately warm. There is little precipitation in this area and the temperature fluctuation is extreme between day and night.
In central China (the valley along the Yangtze River), the summer is long, hot and humid, whilst winter is short and cold. In the areas south of the Yangtze River, the temperature rarely falls below freezing. In the far south, areas around Guangzhou, the summer is long, humid and hot whilst the winter is short and comfortable, considered by many from the north as, 'a paradise' weather wise. The rainy season runs from May through August and typhoons frequently occur along the southeast coast between July and September.
|Five Temperature Zones